Dangers Of Hair Dye Application

Hair dying is the act of changing one's natural hair colour to another. This can be due to reasons such as, trying to be in the in-group, feeling youthful, wearing a new look and so on and so forth. Despite its aesthetic advantages, a lot of other effects should also be put into consideration. The art and act of hair dying is a popular culture amongst the youth, and some older people who are not comfortable with their grey hair. However, studies show that hair dye could pose adverse health threats to its users, especially, the regular users of permanent hair dye. It isn't quite noticeable because these effects only come into play after a long time (years after continuous use).

Application: Hair dye can be applied to the tip or root of the hair depending on the intention of those involved. To conceal greying hair, it will be concentrated at the hair root, and it will most likely touch or smear on the scalp. 

Adverse Effects of Hair Dye to Your Health

Professor Kefah Mokbel who is a leading breast surgeon published a meta-analysis showing that use of hair dyes might increase the risk of developing breast cancer by 20% among users. This publication was done in 2017.

It is pertinent to note that the salt lead acetate (the active ingredient in gradual darkening products, such as: Grecian formula, is toxic. Moreover, lead acetate trihydrate has also been shown to cause reproductive toxicity.

There have been existing articles that shows that there is a link in the development of some forms of cancer (including leukemia , non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, bladder cancer, blood cancer, and multiple myeloma) with use of hair color. Precisely, prolonged use of permanent dark hair dyes can actually double a person's risk of getting some types of blood cancer.

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ National Toxicology Program (NTP) classifies some chemicals in hair dye as “reasonably anticipated to be human carcinogens.” The U.S. National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), points to hair dye as a major risk factor for certain types of cancer.  It is alarming that women who used permanent hair dyes (at least once a month) had twice the risk of certain types of cancers compared to non-dyers.

As a matter of fact, research shows that the most common allergic reaction to hair dye generally comes from a chemical called PPD (para-phenylenediamine). PPD and PTD are found in most commercially produced hair dyes. 

Furthermore, something huge was discovered in some commercial dyes in year 2004. There was carcinogen, and 4-aminobiphenyl (4-ABP) in them. These are very detrimental to human health. 

Application of hair dye might lead to allergic reactions. According to the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), PPD allergy can cause severe reactions. Darker hair dye shades contain higher concentrations of PPD. NCBI recommends doing a patch test, and avoiding contact with permanent and semi-permanent hair dyes if there’s any indication of the user being allergic to PPD. This reaction or it's symptoms might include: discomfort, burning sensation, sores, itching or redness. Phenylenediamine causes skin irritation and exposure to it might occur during use or while the product (hair dye) is being made. 

Hair dye application might also lead to skin irritation. A patch test will come in handy here for prevention. Also, it can lead to discoloration of skin like the hair line, hands or wherever it contacts. A glove can be worn before and during application of the dye. 

In conclusion, there is limited, insufficient and inconsistent evidence that there is a link between cancer and hair dye. However, it is not out of place to stay safe as some studies suggests there are carcinogenic agents in hair dye. They also indicate that users are more prone to some types of cancer and some other reactions discussed earlier. Looking good is a good business, but staying healthy is a better business. Embrace who you really are, embrace your looks. Thank you for reading through.


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