Diseases that Can be Prevented with Vitamins

A lot of times we undermine the functions of the various types of vitamins available. We overlook several little things that matter like sufficient rest, exercise, balanced diets, water etc. These things go a long way to keep us healthy and strong. Vitamins, for instance, helps with eye care, skin care, blood cloth and so much more. In this article, you'll learn about the types of vitamins available (13 of them), their sources and the diseases they prevent. 

Vitamins are compounds that are organic which are gotten from meals (fruits and vegetables) and synthesis from exposure to sunlight (vitamin D). Little quantities of vitamins will help improve our health and prevent certain diseases. 

We have heat, water and fat soluble vitamins. Water-soluble vitamins can't be stored in the body for long, excess is just ejected from the body through urine. While, fat soluble vitamins are usually stored (for days or months) and  absorbed through the intestinal tract with the help of fats, or lipids.


Types of Vitamins 

Vitamin A (Retinol): This vitamin works well on the eyes and can be gotten from carrots, sweet potato, butter, liver, cod liver oil, broccoli, kale, spinach, pumpkin, collard greens, some cheeses, egg, apricot, cantaloupe melon, and milk.

Deficiency/insufficiency of this vitamin in the body might lead to night-blindness and keratomalacia, an eye disorder that results in a dry cornea.

Vitamin B (Thiamine): Can be obtained from yeast, pork, cereal grains, sunflower seeds, brown rice, whole-grain rye, asparagus, kale, cauliflower, potatoes, oranges, liver, and eggs.

Deficiency: Leads to beriberi and Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome.

Vitamins B has some subcategories under it. We have Vitamins B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, B9, and B12.

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)

Good sources include: asparagus, bananas, persimmons, okra, chard, cottage cheese, milk, yogurt, meat, eggs, fish, and green beans. Deficiency may cause ariboflavinosis.

Vitamin B3 (Niacinamide)

Good sources include: liver, heart, kidney, chicken, beef, fish (tuna, salmon), milk, eggs, avocados, dates, tomatoes, leafy vegetables, broccoli, carrots, sweet potatoes, asparagus, nuts, whole-grains, legumes, mushrooms, and brewer’s yeast.

Insufficiency may result to dermatitis, pellagra, with signs of of diarrhea, and mental disturbance.

Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid)

It can be gotten from meats, whole-grains (milling may remove it), broccoli, avocados, royal jelly, and fish ovaries. Deficiency may cause paresthesia, or “pins and needles.”

Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxamine): Can be sourced from milk, meats, bananas, grains, veggies, and various nuts. 

Insufficiency may make the patient anemic.  It might also cause destroy parts of the nervous system other than the brain and spinal cord. This is known as peripheral neuropathy. 

Vitamin B7 (Biotin): Consumption of egg yolk, liver, and certain vegetables nourishes our body with B7. 

However,  if it lacking or insufficient in our body, we might suffer from  dermatitis or enteritis.  There might be inflammation of the intestine as well.

Vitamin B9 (Folic acid): This vitamin is very important for pregnant women. It is available in greens (veggies), legumes, liver, sunflower seeds, yeast and grains. Some fruits can supply it moderately.

When it is insufficient during pregnancy, it might lead to birth defects. 

Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin): This is the last of vitamin B. It can be gotten from the consumption of certain foods such as fish, shellfish, meat, poultry, eggs, milk and dairy products, some fortified cereals and soy products, as well as fortified nutritional yeast. Vegetarians can go for supplements because of their diets. 

Deficiency may cause megaloblastic anemia, a condition where bone marrow produces unusually large, abnormal, immature red blood cells.


Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid): This vitamin is known as a water soluble vitamin but it is heat soluble as well, cooking/exposure to too much of it and heat might destroy it. For instance, if you overcook a vegetable that contains it, you'll end up eating ordinary chaff if you over cook it till it turns brown.  Vegetables are best simmered on the fire for about 5 minutes, don't soak it in hot water, it's totally not advisable. It can be gotten from veggies, Kakadu plum and camu camu fruit (richest sources), liver and other fruits. When one is deficient the person might suffer from megaloblastic anemia.

Vitamin D (Cholecalciferol): This is the reason why an adult will stay for a bit in the sun at dawn.  Exposure to ultraviolet B (UVB) through sunlight or other sources causes vitamin D to be produced in the skin. Meanwhile, fatty fish, eggs, beef liver, and mushrooms are also sources.

Rickets and osteomalacia (softening of the bones) are what those deficient in this vitamin will have to battle.

Vitamin E: It can be gotten from consumption of eggs, milk, nuts, Kiwi fruit, almonds, avocado, green veggies,  vegetable oils (natural unheated ones), wheat germ, and whole-grains.

Deficiency is uncommon, but it may cause hemolytic anemia (destruction and early expulsion of blood cells from the blood) in newborns babies. 

Vitamin K (Phylloquinone): The presence of this vitamin helps blood cloth quickly at an injury site.  Our bodies will be embedded with this nutrient if we consume any of these meals: leafy vegetables, avocado, kiwi fruit, parsley and diet.

Deficiency in Vitamin K may lead to difficulty in blood clotting resulting in serious bleeding and bleeding diathesis.

Furthermore, vitamin B (including all its variants) and C are water soluble vitamins while others are fat soluble vitamins. 

Getting vitamins naturally from foods (including fruits and vegetables) is the best, however, supplements can be added when prescribed.  Some medications might react badly with vitamin supplements, therefore, doctors prescription is the best. Avoid overdose as well.

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